Driving forward plastics solutions for chassis and body in white applications
The automotive chassis is roughly one third of the mass of vehicle and forms the structure where the interior, exterior, powertrain, and electronics finds mounting. It is the first defense in protecting the occupant and components protection. The incumbent materials are primarily metal based offering an opportunity to use composites to reduce weight and enhance performance (strength, energy management, NVH damping, etc.) with our expanding product portfolio.
Watch the video on the right to get an overview on our chassis and body in white solutions.
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Versatile applications for automotive chassis and body in white solutions
Whatever your specific needs for the variety of different chassis and BIW solutions are: BASF connects new material developments and services in order to create system solutions which give your chassis and BIW solutions the distinctive advantage.
Occupant and future powertrain protection
eMobility is the lead movement in the automotive industry to address our need to make our lives more sustainable. Due to the size and location of the batteries it is imperative to protect the passengers by limiting the intrusion into the battery compartment during an impact event. Continuous fiber systems using our polyurethane Elastocoat® offers the ability to create structures with the strength of steel at third of the mass with no concern of mixing with dissimilar materials. In addition to offering structure, BASF offers solution to manage kinetic energy for high deformation events with our Ultramid® in the form of foams or impact modified injection or extruded grades.
Noise and vibration management
eMobility brings additional challenges to noise and vibration abatement. Electric motors reduce vibration at lower frequencies but introduce new higher frequency noises due to the high rpm motors. BASF Ultramid® reduces sound and vibration transmission when replacing metallic engine suspension mounts due to the inherent damping characteristics of polymers. BASF Elastoflex® ultralight BIW NVH foam is used today to fill the cavities of the automotive body to absorb and block noise transmission to the automobile interior.
Lightweight body structure enhancement
To improve the performance of metal structures, BASF’s Thermoplastic Ultramid® and Ultradur® is used to reinforce the metal profiles by delaying the failure of metal structure leading to an increased peak load up to 300%. This can also be accomplished by filling the cavity with BASF Elastolit® D structural foam.
Vehicle body reinforcement
Systems for automotive body acoustics
As the world moves to a sustainable and circular economy; BASF is helping car manufacturers and suppliers to the automotive industries work toward their sustainability goals. BASF has mapped the CO2 consumption of over 45,000 of the products provided by BASF. BASF products and support is driving lightweighting implementation leading to lower raw material usage and in turn lower fuel consumption. Learn more about our sustainable plastics solutions for the automotive industry
Detailed material information for chassis and body in white solutions
Polymer based solutions create an automobile chassis to manage the high out propulsion, to maximize occupant protection, reduce vehicle mass, and improve passenger comfort.
The emergence of eMobility brings new challenges to the chassis to provide mounting for the high torque eMotors, protect the passengers and high-density battery from intrusion during an accident, and minimize sound and vibration from these much higher frequency sources. BASF’s Polyurethanes Elastocoat®, Elastoflex® E, Elastoflex® W and Elastolit®; along with Engineered Plastics Ultramid®, Ultradur®, and Ultraform® provide solutions with a superior strength to weight ratio compared to metal, manage frontal and side impact events, while providing an environment which the passenger remains in peace.
» Engineering Plastics
Our Engineering Plastics for chassis and body in white solutions
The Ultramid® product line offers several grades of molding compounds, available as unreinforced, reinforced with glass fibers or minerals, or reinforced with long-glass fibers for special applications. Ultramid® is noted for its high mechanical strength, stiffness and thermal stability. The grades are based on PA6, PA66, PA66/6 or various other co-polyamides and are recommended for applications that need superior durability.
Learn more about Ultramid®
The Ultradur® product line of partially crystalline, thermoplastic and saturated polyesters is derived from polybutylene terephthalate (PBT). Ultradur provides strength in applications where high-quality and heavy-duty parts are required - a feature that is particularly important is the low water absorption and thus the fact that the mechanical and electrical properties are largely independent of the moisture content or the climatic surrounding conditions. Particularly for components that are safety-relevant and have to work reliably for the entire lifetime of a component, Ultradur® is indispensable.
Learn more about Ultradur®
Ultraform® is our co-polymeric polyoxymethylene (POM) offering excellent sliding friction properties that engineers ask for. Ultraform® can be thermoplastically processed and has a partially crystalline structure with a high degree of crystallization. Special co-monomer units account for the high stability of Ultraform® during processing and when exposed to long-term heat and to chemicals. It surpasses by far the resistance of homo-polymeric polyoxymethylene.
Learn more about Ultraform®
Our PU systems for chassis and body in white solutions
The flexible foam system Elastoflex® W decisively contributes to car comfort and improves the sound impression in the driver’s cabin. In comparison to other acoustic solutions, Elastoflex® W performs not only as sound absorber, but also dampens sound from outside the car by visco-elastic energy dissipation. Especially designed foams resist also high temperatures and media contact. These foams are widely used in direct contact to the engine as NVH (noise, vibration, harshness) and heat management solution. Engine covers with this open cell foam structure lead to weight reduction with a density on only 15g/L.
Learn more about Elastoflex® W
Although invisible, Elastoflex® E semi-rigid foams contribute extensively to the valuable appearance in car interiors, since the foam can be found behind most skin surfaces and causes a pleasant, soft and elastic touch. It needs to fill even smallest gaps between carrier and skin, e.g. in instrument and door panels as well as in armrests. Elastoflex® E has excellent mold-filling and very robust processing properties. The semi rigid foam systems offer fast demolding times and can be combined with all skin types, individually designed for all special OEM requirements. Although applications are diverse, it is BASF’s goal to provide one system for many parts in order to reduce customers’ complexity and cost structure.
Learn more about Elastoflex® E
The low-density Elastoflex® E and Elastolit® D semi-structural foams are designed for producing very light and stiff composite as well as sandwich structures for various interior and exterior applications such as load floors, interior lining parts, roof modules and engine hoods. Reinforced with long-glass fibers in state-of-the-art composite processes, thin-walled parts with good mechanical properties and light in weight can be realized. Such composite substrates can be combined with various surface materials like textiles or thermoplastic films, either by back-foaming or adhering.
Elastocoat® is a high-tech spraying system for the reliable and lasting protection of all surfaces. As a quick, efficient and lasting seal, it is ideal for chassis and body in white requirements. Also its rapid application in comparison to other materials is an advantage.
Elastocoat® is also the tradename of BASF’s polyurethane matrix system used in continuous fiber pultrusion or resin transfer molding for components requiring the highest to strength ratio and excellent energy management.
Learn more about Elastocoat®
» Specialty Elastomers
That is where part geometry, part manufacturing process, and material selection need an integrated approach. With Ultrasim® we offer you versatile and flexible CAE competence for your innovations using BASF plastics. Our analysis of component concepts on a virtual basis starts with your manufacturing process to understand the material behavior in the finished component, this is coupled with the appropriate materials and detailed material models, ranging from the virtual prototype and ideal manufacturing process to the finished mass-produced component.